VOYAGE DATA RECORDER VDR / S-VDR (Maritime Black Box)
Passenger ships and ships other than passenger ships of 3000 gross
tonnage and upwards constructed on or after 1 July 2002 must carry
voyage data recorders (VDRs) to assist in accident investigations, under
regulations adopted in 2000, which entered into force on 1 July 2002.
mandatory regulations are contained in chapter V on Safety of
Navigation of the International Convention for the Safety of Life at
Sea, 1974 (SOLAS). Like the black boxes carried on aircraft, VDRs enable accident
investigators to review procedures and instructions in the moments
before an incident and
help to identify the cause of any accident .
Under regulation 20 of SOLAS chapter V on Voyage data recorders (VDR), the following ships are required to carry VDRs:
· passenger ships constructed on or after 1 July 2002;
· ro-ro passenger ships constructed before 1 July 2002 not later than the first survey on or after 1 July 2002;
· passenger ships other than ro-ro passenger ships constructed before 1 July 2002 not later than 1 January 2004; and
· ships, other than passenger ships, of 3,000 gross tonnage and upwards constructed on or after 1 July 2002.
VDRs are required to meet performance standards "not inferior to those adopted by the Organization".
Performance standards for VDRs were adopted in 1997 and give details
on data to be recorded and VDR specifications. They state that the VDR
should continuously maintain sequential records of preselected data
items relating to status and output of the ship's equipment and command
and control of the ship. The VDR should be installed in a protective
capsule that is brightly coloured and fitted with an appropriate device
to aid location. It should be entirely automatic in normal operation.
Administrations may exempt ships, other than ro-ro passenger ships,
constructed before 1 July 2002, from being fitted with a VDR where it
can be demonstrated that interfacing a VDR with the existing equipment
on the ship is unreasonable and impracticable.
Regulation18 of SOLAS chapter V on Approval, surveys and performance
standards of navigational systems and equipment and voyage data recorder
The voyage data recorder (VDR) system, including all
sensors, shall be subjected to an annual performance test. The test
shall be conducted by an approved testing or servicing facility to
verify the accuracy, duration and recoverability of the recorded data.
In addition, tests and inspections shall be conducted to determine the
serviceability of all protective enclosures and devices fitted to aid
location. A copy of a the certificate of compliance issued by the
testing facility, stating the date of compliance and the applicable
performance standards, shall be retained on board the ship.
The MSC at its 79th session in December 2004 adopted amendments to regulation 20 of SOLAS chapter V (Safety of Navigation)
on a phased-in carriage requirement for a shipborne simplified voyage
data recorder (S-VDR). The amendment entered into force on 1 July 2006.
The regulation requires a VDR, which may be an S-VDR, to be fitted on
existing cargo ships of 3,000 gross tonnage and upwards, phasing in the
requirement for cargo ships of 20,000 gross tonnage and upwards first,
to be followed by cargo ships of 3,000 gross tonnage and upwards.
The S-VDR is not required to store the same level of detailed data as
a standard VDR, but nonetheless should maintain a store, in a secure
and retrievable form, of information concerning the position, movement,
physical status, command and control of a vessel over the period leading
up to and following an incident.
The phase-in is as follows:
To assist in casualty investigations, cargo ships, when
engaged on international voyages, shall be fitted with a VDR which may
be a simplified voyage data recorder (S VDR) as follows:
in the case of cargo ships of 20,000 gross tonnage and upwards
constructed before 1 July 2002, at the first scheduled dry-docking after
1 July 2006 but not later than 1 July 2009;
in the case of cargo ships of 3,000 gross tonnage and upwards but
less than 20,000 gross tonnage constructed before 1 July 2002, at the
first scheduled dry-docking after 1 July 2007 but not later than 1 July
Administrations may exempt cargo ships from the application of the
requirements when such ships will be taken permanently out of service
within two years after the implementation date specified above.
VDR FURUNO VR - 7000
Complies with the new IMO performance standards for VDR
Data storing for 48 hours both in fixed and float-free recording medium
Data storing for 30 days/720 hours in SSD in the Data Collecting Unit
No.1, 2 Radar and main ECDIS display images can be stored
* Up to 4 Radar and up to 3 ECDIS display images can be stored in rotation.
Also, the images of one other selected display can be stored with the optional SSD.
Radar and ECDIS images can be recorded at 15-second intervals.
Easy to integrate with FURUNO INS Network
FURUNO Radar FAR-3000/FCR-2xx9 series and ECDIS FMD-3100/3200/3300 can be interfaced through Ethernet
* Software update for FAR-3000/FCR-2xx9 series and FMD-3200/3300 is necessary.
* Radar and ECDIS that utilizes LAN interface based on IEC 61162-450 can be connected through Ethernet.
Video LAN converter can convert the Radar signal (DVI or RGB) into Ethernet
* Necessary when FURUNO Radar FAR-2xx7/2xx5, ECDIS FEA-2107/2807 or the products of third-party manufacturers are connected to VR-7000.
* Data conversion from RGB to Ethernet will be made available after the product launch.
Optional sensor adapter gathers all the serial/analog/digital sensor data and collectively feeds it to DCU
Multiple sensor adapters can be interfaced depending upon the number of sensors to be interfaced.
“Live Player V5” for monitoring and playback of the collected data in the DCU on the PC
Extracted the data can be retrieved onto the USB flash memory.
Easy to input the sensor data and review stored data
The onboard sensors can be integrated and interfaced to the VR-7000 thanks to Video LAN converter and sensor adapters.
Also, the collected data can be replayed with the PC software or extracted onto a USB flash memories for later analysis.
The VDR/S-VDR serves for record of various data and events which are taking place onboard the vessel. VDR is intended for the help when determining the reasons of sea accidents.
The corrected Chapter V of the Convention SOLAS demands presence of registrars of data of flight on passenger ships with the displacement of 150 rt. and more in all voyages and in other vessels with the displacement of 3000 rt. and more in the international voyages, and also in all vessels building after July 1, 2002 inclusive.
Final recording medium and recording period
At least 2 ch for bridge audio, at least 1 ch for outside on bridge wings
Record Bridge audio and VHF com. relating to ship’s operation on a separate channel from the bridge audio above
Record No.1 and No.2 Radar (Current: No.1 Radar only)
Record 1 main ECDIS (Current: no requirement)
All AIS data needs to be recorded (Current S-VDR records it instead of Radar image)
Record Bridge Alert Management System, if installed.
Record thrusters, if fitted.
Record electronic inclinometer, if fitted.
Record information from electronic logbook, if fitted, etc.